Categories: Ethereum

# Crypto Trading 101: The Fibonacci Retracements

Fibonacci retracement. Sounds sophisticated? But what does it do? And does it work?

Luckily for traders, Fibonacci retracements are far more than just a nifty word. In fact, it's the name of a tool used to predict potential support and resistance levels for price action.

First, let's define what this so-called "Fibonacci" is so you have a better idea as to why it is a concept relevant to trading cryptocurrencies.

Leonardo of Pisa (A.K.A. Fibonacci) was an 11th-century mathematician responsible for introducing a unique sequence of numbers to the West, now known as the "Fibonacci Sequence."

## The Sequence

0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55, 89, 144, 233, 377, 610, 987, 1597, 2584... (pattern repeats to infinity)

Each number in the sequence is derived from the sum of the preceding two numbers. Clever, right?

Not only that, but each number is roughly 1.618 times greater than the number before it. This creates a value known as the "golden ratio," or "phi" and has a fascinating relationship with nearly everything in nature.

Take flowers, for example, the lily is arranged with three petals, buttercups with five, the chicory with 21, daisies with 34 and so on. Interestingly, the numbers abide by the Fibonacci sequence and each petal is even placed at 0.618 per turn (out of a 360-degree circle), allowing for optimal exposure to sunlight and other factors crucial to survival.

Examples of the Fibonacci sequence in nature are seemingly endless and this expands to trading when it comes to analyzing price action.

Specifically, a trader can derive levels in a trend that price is likely to respect by dividing a peak to trough or trough to peak distance by the golden ratio and other ratios in the sequence. Other important ratios include 0.382 which is any number in the sequence divided by the number two places to its right and 0.236, found by dividing one of the numbers by the one three places to its right.

As you'll come to notice, price reacts to these levels on a regular basis, which can provide a trader with optimal entry and exit points, just like it provides a flower with the optimal structure to absorb sunlight.

## Finding Support Levels

Before using the Fibonacci tool to identify potential support or resistance levels, a trader must first be able to identify a "swing high" and "swing low."

A swing high is simply a candlestick at the peak of a trend in any time frame that has a lower high directly to its right and left. Conversely, a swing low is the low candlestick stick of a trend with a higher low on each side.

Once these points are identified, select the Fibonacci retracement tool in your trading software to connect a swing low to a swing high. Potential support levels will be generated, known as retracements.

Each retracement is derived from the vertical "peak to trough" distance divided by ratios in the Fibonacci sequence.

As you can see, the retracements of 0.236, 0.382, 0.5, and 0.618 were all respected as support, at least temporarily, as price rebounded from its September plunge.

If a trader was to take advantage of this tool from November on, he or she would have had an idea as to where price might land before making its next move, revealing ideal trade entry or exit points.

## Finding Resistance Levels

The process to find potential resistance levels is largely the same as before, except this time you will be connecting the swing low to swing high.

The retracements will again appear by dividing the distance from trough to peak using ratios in the Fibonacci sequence.

In the above chart, the anticipated resistance levels for ethereum classic (ETC/BTC) were calculated using the Fibonacci tool by connecting the swing low of 0.001304/BTC to the swing high of 0.001304.

Once again, price reacted to the levels as advertised.

The 0.618, 0.5, and 0.382 retracements provided resistance on several occasions which would have provided a trader with optimal targets to take profits on his or her position.

## Conclusion

It's important to remember that while the Fibonacci tool can be useful in identity supports and resistances, the results are not guaranteed. In order to increase the probability of certain retracements acting as advertised, it is best to use the tool along with other indicators like moving averages or the relative strength index (RSI).

For example, if a moving average is in the same location as a Fibonacci retracement, price is more likely to react to the level given there lie two support or resistance obstacles, which when combined are more powerful than one.

If you went through the sequence calculating each ratio, you may have noticed 0.5 is not one of them yet, it appears as a level in the Fibonacci Retracement tool. Its true, 0.5 is not a ratio in Fibonacci sequence but is included in the tool because it marks a 50 percent trend retracement, which price has a funny way of reacting to as support or resistance.

Disclosure: The author holds BTC, AST, REQ, OMG, FUEL, 1st and AMP at the time of writing.

Golden ratio via Shutterstock; Charts via TradingView

Join 10,000+ traders who come to us to be their eyes on the charts and sign up for Markets Daily, sent Monday-Friday. By signing up, you agree to our terms & conditions and privacy policy

The leader in blockchain news, CoinDesk is a media outlet that strives for the highest journalistic standards and abides by a strict set of editorial policies. CoinDesk is an independent operating subsidiary of Digital Currency Group, which invests in cryptocurrencies and blockchain startups.

Fibonacci retracement. Sounds sophisticated? But what does it do? And does it work?

Luckily for traders, Fibonacci retracements are […]

cinerama

Illuminati, Mason, Anonymous I'll never tell. I can tell you this, global power is shifting and those who have the new intelligence are working to acquire this new force. You matter naught except to yourself, therefore prepare for the least expected and make your place in the new world order.

Share
cinerama

## Tim Draper: \$250,000 Falls Short of BTC’s Potential

Tim Draper has made a real name for himself in the world of crypto given his consistent bitcoin price predictions… Read More

6 hours ago

## Steve Schwarzman: I Don’t Have Much Interest in Crypto

As the CEO of investing firm Blackstone, CEO Steve Schwarzman says that he’s used to a world where currencies are… Read More

6 hours ago

## Volatility for Bitcoin Hits Four-Month Low

At press time, you may not think bitcoin is doing much… And you’d be right. In fact, the currency has… Read More

6 hours ago

## ECB Revives Plans for a Rival Coin to Libra & Bitcoin

Facebook feels the heat as the European Central Bank reels out plans to create a digital currency rivaling Libra and… Read More

6 hours ago

## HyperCapital Announces Exciting Plans To Build The World’s Strongest Blockchain Community Alliance and Ecosystem

HyperCapital Hong Kong Community Meetup Event Hyper Capital announced the formal recruitment of 300 nodes to jointly promote POAR (Proof… Read More

6 hours ago

## US Bookie Found Dead 1 Year After Wife Paid \$1 Million Bitcoin Ransom

An American bookmaker kidnapped in Costa Rica has been found dead, even after a ransom of \$1 million was paid… Read More

6 hours ago