MicroStrategy® (Nasdaq: MSTR), the largest independent publicly-traded business intelligence company, today announced financial results for the three-month period ended March 31, 2021 (the first quarter of its 2021 fiscal year).
"MicroStrategy’s first quarter results were a clear example that our two-pronged corporate strategy to grow our enterprise analytics software business and acquire and hold bitcoin is generating substantial shareholder value. We had one of our strongest operational quarters in our software business in years, highlighted by 10% revenue growth and continued improvement in non-GAAP profitability. The investments we have made in our platform in recent years are driving greater customer adoption of MicroStrategy, particularly in the cloud," said Michael J. Saylor, CEO, MicroStrategy Incorporated.
"We continue to be pleased with our bitcoin strategy. We successfully raised more than $1 billion of additional capital in the quarter to expand our bitcoin holdings, which now exceed 91,000 bitcoins. We also hosted a very successful ‘Bitcoin for Corporations’ track at MicroStrategy World™ where we utilized our thought leadership in the cryptocurrency market to show how organizations can incorporate digital assets into their balance sheet management. We will continue to acquire and hold additional bitcoin as we seek to create additional value for shareholders."
First Quarter 2021 Financial Highlights
Revenues: Total revenues for the first quarter of 2021 were $122.9 million, a 10.3% increase, or a 7.6% increase on a non-GAAP constant currency basis, compared to the first quarter of 2020. Product licenses and subscription services revenues for the first quarter of 2021 were $31.3 million, a 52.3% increase, or a 49.8% increase on a non-GAAP constant currency basis, compared to the first quarter of 2020. Product support revenues for the first quarter of 2021 were $70.6 million, a 0.7% decrease, or a 3.4% decrease on a non-GAAP constant currency basis, compared to the first quarter of 2020. Other services revenues for the first quarter of 2021 were $20.9 million, a 6.3% increase, or a 3.1% increase on a non-GAAP constant currency basis, compared to the first quarter of 2020.
Gross Profit: Gross profit for the first quarter of 2021 was $100.4 million, representing an 81.7% gross margin, compared to a gross margin of 78.0% in the first quarter of 2020.
Operating Expenses: Operating expenses for the first quarter of 2021 were $283.5 million, a 226.1% increase compared to the first quarter of 2020. Beginning in the third quarter of 2020, operating expenses included impairment losses on MicroStrategy’s digital assets, which were $194.1 million during the first quarter of 2021.
Loss from Operations: Loss from operations for the first quarter of 2021 was $183.2 million versus $0.1 million for the first quarter of 2020. Non-GAAP income from operations, which excludes share-based compensation expense and impairment losses and gains on sale from intangible assets, which include digital assets, was $18.7 million for the first quarter of 2021 versus $3.0 million for the first quarter of 2020.
Net (Loss) Income: Net loss for the first quarter of 2021 was $110.0 million, or $11.40 per share on a diluted basis, as compared to net income of $0.7 million, or $0.07 per share on a diluted basis, for the first quarter of 2020. Non-GAAP net income, which excludes share-based compensation expense, impairment losses and gains on sale from intangible assets, which include digital assets, interest expense arising from the amortization of debt issuance costs, and related income tax effects, was $14.9 million, or $1.54 per share on a non-GAAP diluted basis, for the first quarter of 2021, as compared to non-GAAP net income of $3.9 million, or $0.39 per share on a non-GAAP diluted basis, for the first quarter of 2020.
Cash and Cash Equivalents: As of March 31, 2021, MicroStrategy had cash and cash equivalents of $82.5 million, as compared to $59.7 million as of December 31, 2020, an increase of $22.9 million.
Digital Assets: As part of MicroStrategy’s previously announced treasury reserve policy and bitcoin acquisition strategy, a total of approximately 20,857 bitcoins were purchased at an aggregate purchase price of $1.086 billion in the first quarter of 2021 for an average purchase price of approximately $52,087 per bitcoin. As of March 31, 2021, the carrying value of MicroStrategy’s digital assets (comprised solely of bitcoin) was $1.947 billion, which reflects cumulative impairment charges of $264.8 million since acquisition. As of March 31, 2021, the average cost and average carrying value of MicroStrategy’s bitcoin were approximately $24,214 and $21,315, respectively.
Further, in the second quarter of 2021 to date, MicroStrategy has purchased approximately 253 bitcoins at an aggregate purchase price of $15.0 million for an average purchase price for such additional bitcoins of approximately $59,339 per bitcoin. As of April 28, 2021, at 4:00 p.m. EDT, MicroStrategy held approximately 91,579 bitcoins and the market price of one bitcoin in MicroStrategy’s principal market was approximately $55,492. In future periods, MicroStrategy may purchase additional bitcoins and increase its overall holdings of bitcoin or sell its bitcoins and decrease its overall holdings of bitcoin.
Convertible Senior Notes: In February 2021, MicroStrategy issued $1.050 billion aggregate principal amount of 0% Convertible Senior Notes due 2027 (the "2027 Notes"). The 2027 Notes are senior unsecured obligations of MicroStrategy and do not bear regular interest. However, holders of the 2027 Notes may receive special interest under specified circumstances as outlined in the indenture for the 2027 Notes. Any special interest is payable semiannually in arrears on February 15 and August 15 of each year, beginning on August 15, 2021. The 2027 Notes are convertible into shares of MicroStrategy’s class A common stock at an initial conversion price of $1,432.46 per share. The 2027 Notes will mature on February 15, 2027, unless earlier converted, redeemed, or repurchased in accordance with their terms. Total net proceeds from the offering, after deducting initial purchaser discounts and issuance costs, were approximately $1.026 billion.
As of March 31, 2021, the carrying value of the 2027 Notes was $1.026 billion, net of unamortized issuance costs, and was classified as a long-term liability in the "Convertible senior notes, net" line item in MicroStrategy’s Consolidated Balance Sheet. MicroStrategy early adopted Accounting Standards Update No. 2020-06, Debt – Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic 470-20) and Derivatives and Hedging – Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40): Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts in an Entity’s Own Equity ("ASU 2020-06"), effective January 1, 2021. ASU 2020-06 simplifies the accounting for convertible instruments and, as a result, MicroStrategy no longer separates the debt or issuance costs into liability and equity components. Upon adoption, MicroStrategy recorded a cumulative-effect adjustment related to the previously issued 0.750% Convertible Senior Notes due 2025 and increased its opening retained earnings balance by approximately $1.0 million.
The tables at the end of this press release include a reconciliation of GAAP to non-GAAP financial measures for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020. An explanation of non-GAAP financial measures is also included under the heading "Non-GAAP Financial Measures" below. Additional non-GAAP financial measures are included in our "Q1 2021 Earnings Presentation," which will be available under the "Events and Presentations" section of MicroStrategy’s investor relations website at https://www.microstrategy.com/en/investor-relations.